Microscopic Traffic Dynamic

Title Two-Vehicle Dynamic of the Car-Following Models on
Realistic Driving Condition
Author Fergyanto E. Gunawan
Abstract We discuss the traffic dynamics in the microscopic level and analyze the dynamics characteristics of the traditional Gazis-Herman-Rothery model, the optimal velocity model with delay, and the intelligent driver model. An essential feature differentiating those models is that the traditional Gazis-Herman-Rothery model only governs the vehicle dynamics in the car-following state, but the other two models encompass larger interaction state including the free-flow state and the acceleration from the vehicle initial state. From this study, we conclude: (i) The optimal velocity model and intelligent driver model are more complete than the traditional model; (ii) The existing optimal velocity model may produce an unrealistic vehicle interaction; (iii) The optimal velocity model with a realistic delay can produce a stable interaction; and (iv) The intelligent driver model still needs further development particularly to take into account the driver delay which is an important aspect in the traffic dynamics on the microscopic level; and finally, (v) Those three models may produce similar dynamics characteristics.
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Online This article is available online at Elsevier Journal of Transportation System Engineering and Information Technology